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复合材料国内外发展概况

字号:T|T
时间:2016-12-01 13:09:10  点击率:6652
作者:南通时瑞塑胶制品有限公司  来源:http://www.siegrid..com/
下一篇:玻璃钢拉挤格栅的优点和适用范围 上一篇:暂无!

YOUYUGAOXINGNENGFUHECAILIAOBAOHANYUZHENGGEFUHECAILIAOZHIZHONG,QIEGAOXINGNENGSHIXIANGDUIERYANDE,YINCIXUSHUGUONEIWAIFAZHANGAIKUANGYILUNSHUZHENGGEFUHECAILIAOWEIHAO。FUHECAILIAOGENJUJITIZHONGLEIKEFENWEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAO、JINSHUJIFUHECAILIAO、TAOCIJIFUHECAILIAO、SHUINIJIFUHECAILIAODENG。

(一)树脂基复合材料国内外发展概况

SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHIZUIXIANKAIFAHECHANYEHUATUIGUANGDE,YINCIYINGYONGMIANZUIGUANG、CHANYEHUACHENGDUZUIGAO。GENJUJITIDESHOUREXINGWEIKEFENWEIRESUXINGFUHECAILIAOHEREGUXINGFUHECAILIAO。

1.热固性树脂基复合材料

REGUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHIZHIYIREGUXINGSHUZHIRUBUBAOHEJUZHISHUZHI、HUANYANGSHUZHI、FENQUANSHUZHI、YIXIJIZHISHUZHIDENGWEIJITI,YIBOLIXIANWEI、TANXIANWEI、FANGLUNXIANWEI、CHAOGAOFENZILIANGJUYIXIXIANWEIDENGWEIZENGQIANGCAILIAOZHICHENGDEFUHECAILIAO。

SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZI1932NIANZAIMEIGUODANSHENGZHIHOU,ZHIJINYIYOUJIN70NIANDEFAZHANLISHI。1940~1945NIANQIJIANMEIGUOSHOUCIYONGBOLIXIANWEIZENGQIANGJUZHISHUZHI、YISHOUHUGONGYIZHIZAOJUNYONGLEIDAZHAOHEFEIJIYOUXIANG,WEISHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZAIJUNSHIGONGYEZHONGDEYINGYONGKAIPILETU。1944NIANMEIGUOKONGJUNDIYICIYONGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOJIACENGJIEGOUZHIZAOFEIJIJISHEN、JIYI;1946NIANXIANWEICHANRAOCHENGXINGZAIMEIGUOHUODEZHUANLI;1950NIANZHENKONGDAIHEYALIDAICHENGXINGGONGYIYANJIUCHENGGONGBINGSHIZHICHENGGONGZHISHENGFEIJIDELUOXUANJIANG;1949NIANBOLIXIANWEIYUHUNLIAOYANZHICHENGGONG,LIYONGCHUANTONGDEDUIMOFAYAZHICHUBIAOMIANGUANGJIEDESHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOLINGJIAN;20SHIJI60NIANDAIMEIGUOYONGXIANWEICHANRAOGONGYIYANZHICHENGGONG“BEIJIXINGA”DAODANFADONGJIQIAOTI。WEILETIGAOSHOUHUCHENGXINGGONGYIDESHENGCHANLV,ZAICIQIJIANPENSHECHENGXINGGONGYIDEDAOLEFAZHANHEYINGYONG,SHISHENGCHANXIAOLVTIGAOLE2-4BEI。1961NIANDEGUOYANZHICHENGGONGPIANZHUANGMOSULIAO(SMC),SHIMOYACHENGXINGGONGYIDADAOXINSHUIPING(ZHONGYA、ZHONGWEN、DATAIMIANZHIPIN);1963NIANSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOBANCAIKAISHIGONGYEHUASHENGCHAN,MEI、FA、RIDENGGUOXIANHOUJIANQILEGAOCHANLIANG、DAKUANFULIANXUSHENGCHANXIAN,BINGYANZHICHENGGONGTOUMINGFUHECAILIAOJIQIJIACENGJIEGOUBANCAI;1965NIANMEIGUOHERIBENYONGSMCYAZHIQICHEBUJIAN、YUPEN、CHUANSHANGGOUJIANDENG;LAJICHENGXINGGONGYISHIYU20SHIJI50NIANDAI,60NIANDAIZHONGQISHIXIANLELIANXUHUASHENGCHAN,CHUBANGCAIWAIHAISHENGCHANXIGUAN、FANGXING、GONGZIXING、CAOXINGDENGXINGCAI,DAOLE70NIANDAI,LAJIJISHUYOULEZHONGDATUPO,MUQIANMEIGUOSHENGCHANLAJICHENGXINGJIZUZUIXIANJIN,QIZHIPINDUANMIANDA76×20cm2,BINGSHEJIYOUHUANXIANGCHANRAOJIGOU;JINRU70NIANDAI,SHUZHIFANYINGZHUSHECHENGXING(RRIM)YANJIUCHENGGONG,GAISHANLESHOUHUGONGYI,SHICHANPINLIANGMIANGUANGJIE,YIYONGYUSHENGCHANWEISHENGJIEJU、QICHELINGJIANDENG。70NIANDAICHURESUXINGFUHECAILIAODEDAOFAZHAN,QISHENGCHANGONGYIZHUYAOSHIZHUSHECHENGXINGHEJICHUCHENGXING,ZHIYONGYUSHENGCHANDUANXIANWEIZENGQIANGSULIAO。1972NIANMEIGUOPPGGONGSIYANZHICHENGGONGBOLIXIANWEIZHANZENGQIANGRESUXINGPIANZHUANGMOSULIAO(GMT),1975NIANTOURUSHENGCHAN,QIZUIDATEDIANSHICHENGXINGZHOUQIDUAN,FEILIAOKEHUISHOULIYONG。80NIANDAIFAGUOYANJIUCHENGGONGSHIFASHENGCHANRESUXINGPIANZHUANGMOSULIAO(GMT)BINGCHENGGONGDIYONGYUQICHEZHIZAOGONGYE。LIXINJIAOZHUCHENGXINGGONGYIYU20SHIJI60NIANDAISHIYURUISHI,80NIANDAIDEDAOFAZHAN,YINGGUOYONGCIFASHENGCHAN10m。ZHANGFUHECAILIAODIANXIANGAN,ERYONGLIXINFASHENGCHANDAKOUJINGYALIGUANDAOYONGYUCHENGSHIJISHUIGONGCHENG,JISHUJINGJIXIAOGUOSHIFENXIANZHU。DAOMUQIANWEIZHI,SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAODESHENGCHANGONGYIYIYOUJIN20ZHONGZHIDUO,ERQIEXINDESHENGCHANGONGYIHAIZAIBUDUANDECHUXIAN。

GUANYUSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAODEKAIFAYINGYONG,GEGUODEFAZHANTUJINGYOUSUOBUTONG。MEIGUOSHOUXIANZAIJUNGONGFANGMIANYINGYONG,ERCIDAZHANHOUZHUJIANZHUANWEIMINYONGWEIZHU。XIOUGEGUOZEZHIJIECONGFAZHANMINYONGKAISHI(RUBOXINGBAN、FANGFUCAILIAO、WEISHENGJIEJUDENG)JIANGUJUNGONG。JIUQUANSHIJIEERYAN,MUQIANYIXINGCHENGLECONGYUANCAILIAO、CHENGXINGGONGYI、JIXIESHEBEI、CHANPINZHONGLEIJIXINGNENGJIANYANDENGJIAOWANZHENGDEGONGYETIXI,YUQITAGONGYEXIANGBI,FAZHANSUDUHENKUAI。

DANGJINFUHECAILIAODESHUZHIJITIRENGYIREGUXINGSHUZHIWEIZHU。GENJU2000NIANDETONGJI,QUANSHIJIESHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZHIPINZHONGLEICHAOGUO40000ZHONG,ZONGCHANLIANGDA600WANDUN,QIZHONGGAOXINGNENGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGCHAOGUO300WANDUN,GAOXINGNENGRESUXINGFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGWEI120DUOWANDUN。

SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAODEYINGYONGLINGYUSHIFENGUANGKUO,BIAO1WEIMEIGUO、XIOU、RIBENDENGJIGEZHUYAOGUOJIADESHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZAIQICHE、JIANZHUHEZAOCHUANDENGGONGYEZHONGYONGLIANGBILI。

WOGUOSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHIYU1958NIAN,DANGNIANYISHOUHUGONGYIYANZHILESHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYUCHUAN,YICENGYAHEJUANZHIGONGYIYANZHICHENGGONGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOBAN、GUANHEHUOJIANTONGDENG。1961NIANYANZHICHENGNAISHAOSHIDUANTOU。1962NIANYINJINBUBAOHEJUZHISHUZHIHEFENGWOCHENGXINGJIJIPENSHECHENGXINGJI,KAIFALEFEIJILUOXUANJIANGHEFENGJIYEPIAN。1962NIANYANJIUCHENGGONGCHANRAOGONGYIBINGSHENGCHANYIPIYANGQIPINGDENGYALIRONGQI。1970NIANYONGSHOUHUJIACENGJIEGOUBANZHIZAOLEZHIJING44MIDEDAXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOLEIDAZHAO。1971NIANYIQIANWOGUODESHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOGONGYEZHUYAOSHIJUNGONGCHANPIN,70NIANDAIHOUKAISHIZHUANXIANGMINYONG。1987NIANQIGEDIDALIANGYINJINGUOWAIXIANJINJISHURUCHIYAOLASI、DUANQIEZHAN、BIAOMIANZHANSHENGCHANXIANJIGEZHONGPAIHAODEJUZHISHUZHI(MEI、DE、HE、YING、YI、RI)HEHUANYANGSHUZHI(RI、DE)DENGSHENGCHANJISHU;ZAICHENGXINGGONGYIFANGMIAN,YINJINLECHANRAOGUAN、GUANSHENGCHANXIAN、LAJIGONGYISHENGCHANXIAN、SMCSHENGCHANXIAN、LIANXUZHIBANJIZU、SHUZHICHUANDIMOSU(RTM)CHENGXINGJI、PENSHECHENGXINGJISHU、SHUZHIZHUSHECHENGXINGJISHUJIYUGANSHENGCHANXIANDENG,XINGCHENGLECONGYANJIU、SHEJI、SHENGCHANJIYUANCAILIAOPEITAODEWANZHENGDEGONGYETIXI,JIEZHI2000NIANDI,WOGUOSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHENGCHANQIYEDA3000DUOJIA,YIYOU51JIATONGGUOISO9000ZHILIANGTIXIRENZHENG,CHANPINPINZHONG3000DUOZHONG,ZONGCHANLIANGDA73WANDUN/NIAN,JUSHIJIEDIERWEI。CHANPINZHUYAOYONGYUJIANZHU、FANGFU、QINGGONG、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、ZAOCHUANDENGGONGYELINGYU。JINNIANLAITANXIANWEIPIANCAIBUQIANGJIANZHUJIEGOU、LAJIFUHECAILIAOMENCHUANG、SMCHUOBMCMOYADIANBIAOXIANG、RTMZHIPINDENGXINGQI。

ZAIJIANZHUFANGMIAN,SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUNEIWAIQIANGBAN、TOUMINGWA、LENGQUETA、KONGDIAOZHAO、FENGJI、BOLIGANGSHUIXIANG、WEISHENGJIEJU、JINGHUACAODENG。

ZAISHIYOUHUAGONGFANGMIAN,ZHUYAOYONGYUGUANDAOJIZHUGUAN。QIZHONGBOLIGANGGUANDAOYOUDINGZHANGGUAN、LIXINJIAOZHUGUANJILIANXUGUANDAO。ANYALIDENGJIFENWEIZHONGDIYAGUANDAOHEGAOYAGUANDAO。WOGUO“BAWU”、“JIUWU”QIJIANYINJINGUANGUANSHENGCHANXIAN40TIAO,XIANCHANGCHANRAODAXINGZHUGUANZUIDAZHIJING12MI,ZHUGUANZUIDARONGJI1WANLIFANGMI。GUONEIYANZHIYUSHENGCHANDEBOLIGANGGUANGUANSHENGCHANSHEBEIBUFENJISHUZHIBIAOYICHAOGUOGUOWAITONGLEISHEBEIDEJISHUSHUIPING。

ZAIJIAOTONGYUNSHUFANGMIAN,WEILESHIJIAOTONGGONGJUQINGXINGHUA、JIEYUEHAOYOULIANG、TIGAOSHIYONGSHOUMINGHEANQUANXISHU,MUQIANZAIJIAOTONGGONGJUSHANGYIJINGDALIANGSHIYONGFUHECAILIAO。QICHESHANGZHUYAOYOUCHESHEN、YINQINGGAI、BAOXIANGANGDENGPEIJIAN;HUOCHESHANGYOUCHEXIANGBAN、MENCHUANG、ZUOYIDENG;ZAICHUANTINGFANGMIANZHUYAOYOUQIDIANCHUAN、JIUSHENGTING、ZHENCHATING、YUCHUANDENG,MUQIANWOGUOZHIZAODEBOLIGANGYUCHUANZUIZHANGDA33MI。ZAIJIXIEJIDIANQILINGYURUWUDINGFENGJI、ZHOULIUFENGJI、DIANLANQIAOJIA、JUEYUANBANG、JICHENGDIANLUBANDENGCHANPINDOUJUYOUXIANGDANGDEGUIMO。

ZAIHANGKONGHANGTIANJIJUNSHILINGYU,RUQINGXINGFEIJI、WEIYI、WEIXINGTIANXIAN、HUOJIANPENGUAN、FANGDANBAN、FANGDANYI、YULEIDENGDOUQUDELEZHONGDATUPO,WEIWOGUODEGUOFANGSHIYEZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN。

GAOXINGNENGREGUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSUOCAIYONGDEJITIZHUYAOYOUHUANYANGSHUZHI、FENQUANSHUZHI、YIXIJIZHISHUZHIDENG。

(1)环氧树脂

HUANYANGSHUZHIDETEDIANSHIJUYOUYOULIANGDEHUAXUEWENDINGXING、DIANJUEYUANXING、NAIFUSHIXING。LIANGHAODEZHANJIEXINGNENGHEJIAOGAODEJIXIEQIANGDU,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUHUAGONG、QINGGONG、JIXIE、DIANZI、SHUILI、JIAOTONG、QICHE、JIADIANHEYUHANGDENGGEGELINGYU。

1993NIANSHIJIEHUANYANGSHUZHISHENGCHANNENGLIWEI130WANDUN,1996NIANDIZENGDAO143WANDUN,1997NIANWEI148WANDUN,1999NIAN150WANDUN,YUJI2003NIANKEDADAO160WANDUNZUOYOU。

WOGUOSHICONG1975NIANKAISHIYANJIUHUANYANGSHUZHI。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,MUQIANWOGUOHUANYANGSHUZHISHENGCHANQIYEYUEYOU170DUOJIA,ZONGSHENGCHANNENGLIWEI15WANDUODUN,SHEBEILIYONGLVWEI50%ZUOYOU。

(2)酚醛树脂

FENQUANSHUZHIJUYOUNAIREXING、NAIMOCAXING、JIXIEQIANGDUGAO、DIANJUEYUANXINGYOUYI、DIFAYANXINGHENAISUANXINGYOUYIDENGTEDIAN,YINERZAIFUHECAILIAOCHANYEDEGEGELINGYUDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。JINNIANLAIZAIMOUXIEGAOXINJISHURUDIANZIXINGYE、QICHEXINGYE、HANGKONGHANGTIANDENGLINGYUDEDAOLEYINGYONG。

1997NIANQUANQIUFENQUANSHUZHIDECHANLIANGWEI300WANDUN,QIZHONGMEIGUOWEI164WANDUN。WOGUODECHANLIANGWEI18WANDUN,JINKOU4WANDUN。FENQUANSHUZHIDEYINGYONGBAOKUOQICHECHACHEPIAN、FENQUANDIANRONGBAOFENGLIAO、SHENCENGGUOLVCAILIAO、HANGKONGHANGTIANDENGXINGYE。

(3)乙烯基酯树脂

YIXIJIZHISHUZHISHI20SHIJI60NIANDAIFAZHANQILAIDEYILEIXINXINGREGUXINGSHUZHI,QITEDIANSHINAIFUSHIXINGHAO、NAIRONGJIXINGHAO、JIXIEQIANGDUGAO、YANSHENLVDA、YUJINSHU、SULIAO、HUNNINGTUDENGCAILIAODEZHANJIEXINGNENGHAO、NAIPILAOXINGNENGHAO、DIANXINGNENGJIA、NAIRELAOHUA、GUHUASHOUSUOLVDI、KECHANGWENGUHUAYEKEJIAREGUHUA。

NANJINGJINLINGDISIMANSHUZHIYOUXIANGONGSIYINJINHELANDEXIANJINJISHUSHENGCHANDEAtlacXILIEQIANGNAIFUSHIXINGYIXIJIZHISHUZHI,YIGUANGFANYONGYUZHUGUAN、RONGQI、GUANDAODENG,YOUDEPINZHONGHAINENGYONGYUFANGSHUIHEREYACHENGXING。NANJINGFEILONGFUHECAILIAOYOUXIANGONGSI、SHANGHAIXINHUASHUZHICHANG、NANTONGMINGJIAJUHEWUYOUXIANGONGSIDENGCHANGJIAYESHENGCHANYIXIJIZHISHUZHI。

2.热塑性树脂基复合材料

RESUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOSHI20SHIJI80NIANDAIFAZHANQILAIDE,YOUYUKEYIHUISHOULIYONG,SUOYIZAIFUHECAILIAOZONGLIANGZHONGDEBILICHENGZHUNIANZENGZHANGQUSHI。ZHUYAOPINZHONGYOUZHANGXIANWEIZENGQIANGLILIAO(LFP)、LIANXUXIANWEIZENGQIANGYUJINDAI(MITT)HEXIANWEIRESUXINGPIANSHU(GMT)。GENJUSHIYONGYAOQIUBUTONG,SHUZHIJITIZHUYAOYOUPP、PE、PA、PBT、PEI、PC、PEI、PES、PEEK、PI、PAIDENGRESUXINGGONGCHENGSULIAO,XIANWEIZHONGLEIBAOKUOBOLIXIANWEI、TANXIANWEI、FANGLUNXIANWEIHEPENGXIANWEIDENGYIQIEKENENGDEXIANWEIPINZHONG。

OUMEIFADAGUOJIARESUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZHANSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZONGLIANGDE3O%YISHANG。2000NIANYOUOUREGUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOCHANLIANGWEI106WANDUN,RESUXINGFUHECAILIAOWEI54WANDUN,ZHANSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOZONGLIANGDE34%。

GAOXINGNENGRESUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYIZHUSHEJIANJUDUO,JITIYIPP、PAWEIZHU。CHANPINYOUGUANJIAN(WANTOU、SANTONG、FALAN)、FAMEN、YELUN、ZHOUCHENG、DIANQIJIQICHELINGJIAN、JICHUCHENGXINGDEGUANDAO、GMT(RESUXINGPIANZHUANGMOSULIAO)MOYAZHIPINRUJIPUCHEZUOYIZHIJIA、QICHETABAN、ZUOYIDENG。BOLIXIANWEIZENGQIANGJUBINGXIZAIQICHEZHONGDEYINGYONGBAOKUOTONGFENGHEGONGNUANXITONG、KONGQIGUOLVQIWAIQIAO、BIANSUXIANGGAI、ZUOYIJIA、DANGNIBANDIANPIAN、CHUANDONGPIDAIBAOHUZHAODENG。

HUASHIFENTIANCHONGDEPPJUYOUGAOGANGXING、GAOQIANGDU、JIHAODENAIRELAOHUAXINGNENGJINAIHANXING。HUASHIFENZENGQIANGPPZAICHENEIZHUANGSHIFANGMIANYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYINGYONG,RUYONGZUOTONGFENGXITONGLINGBUJIAN。YIBIAOPANHEZIDONGCHACHEKONGZHIGANGDENG。QICHEZHUANGHUANGLEILINGBUJIANDUOYONGYUPUTONGPPHETIANJIAHUASHIFENDENGWUJITIANCHONGCAILIAODEFUHEJUBINGXI。MEIGUOHPMGONGSIYONG20%HUASHIFENTIANCHONGPPZHICHENG168m2、ZHONG5kgDEFENGWOZHUANGJIEGOUDEXIYINTIANHUABANHEJIAOCHEDEYAOCHUANGSHENGJIANGQIJUANSHENGTONGWAIQIAO。

YUNMUFUHECAILIAOJUYOUGAOGANGXING、GAOREBIANXINGWENDU、DISHOUSUOLV、DINAOQUSHI、CHICUNWENDINGYIJIYUJINSHUXIANGBIDEDIMIDU、DIJIAGEDENGTEDIAN,LIYONGYUNMU/ppFUHECAILIAOKEZHIZUOQICHEYIBIAOPAN、QIANDENGBAOHUQUAN、DANGBANZHAO、CHEMENHULAN、RENAOWAIQIAO、DIANJIFENGSHAN、BAIYECHUANGDENGBUJIAN,LIYONGGAICAILIAODEZUNIXINGKEZHIZUOYINXIANGLINGJIAN,LIYONGQIPINGBIXINGKEZHIZUOXUDIANCHIXIANGDENG。

MUQIANFENGTIANQICHEGONGYEGONGSIYUSANLINGHUAXUEGONGSIGONGTONGKAIFACHENGGONGDEPP/EPR/HUASHIFENNAMIFUHECAILIAOZHIZAOQICHEDEQIAN、HOUBAOXIANGANG,YIYU1991NIANSHIXIANLESHANGYONGHUA,YOUCIFENGTIANQICHESHANGDEBAOXIANGANGHOUDUKEYIYOU4mmJIANSHAODAO3mm,ZHILIANGYUEJIANQING1/3。FENGTIANGONGSIZAI1994NIANYOUKAIFACHUYONGYUQICHENEIZHUANGSHIDETSOP-2、TSOP-3DENGNAMIFUHECAILIAO。

DUIYURESUXINGFUHECAILIAORUPA、PPDENGYIBANJITI,YOUYUQINAIREXINGCHAYIZHIWEINENGDEDAOPUJIYINGYONG。JINNIANLAI,YIFANGMIANTONGGUODUIXIANYOURESUXINGSHUZHIDEGAIXING,LINGYIFANGMIANKAIFAGAOXINGNENGRESUXINGSHUZHIRUPPO、PEEK、PEI、PPS、PSFDENG,SHIDERESUXINGFUHECAILIAODEYINGYONGYUELAIYUEDUO。

WOGUODERESUXINGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOKAISHIYU20SHIJI80NIANDAIMOQI,JINSHINIANLAIQUDELEKUAISUFAZHAN(JIANBIAO3),2000NIANCHANLIANGDADAO12WANDUN,YUEZHANSHUZHIJIXIAHECAILIAOZONGCHANLIANGDE17%,YUFADAGUOJIASHANGYOUCHAJU。SUOYONGDEJITICAILIAORENGYIPP、PAWEIZHU,ZENGQIANGCAILIAOYIBOLIXIANWEIWEIZHU,SHAOLIANGWEITANXIANWEI,ZAIRESUXINGFUHECAILIAOFANGMIANWEINENGYOUZHONGDATUPO。WOGUONAMIKEJIWEIJUHEWUGAIXINGJIYINGYONGTIGONGLELIANGHAODEJIYU,RUNAMIGAIXINGPADENG,DANMUQIANRENGCUNZAIFUHETIXIDANYI,GONGYEHUACHENGDUBUGAO,DADUOSHUZHICHUYUSHIYANSHIYANJIUJIEDUAN,MEIYOUWANQUANTUIGUANGSHIYONG,JUHEWUNAMIFUHECAILIAOSUOJUBEIDETEXINGHEQIANNENG,ZAIJINHOUHENZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANNEIDOUYAOKAONAMIKEJIKAICHUANGXIANHEHETIGAO。

SHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOCAIYONGDEZENGQIANGCAILIAOZHUYAOYOUBOLIXIANWEI、TANXIANWEI、FANGLUNXIANWEI、CHAOGAOFENZILIANGJUYIXIXIANWEIDENG。

(1)玻璃纤维

MUQIANYONGYUGAOXINGNENGFUHECAILIAODEBOLIXIANWEIZHUYAOYOUGAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEI、SHIYINGBOLIXIANWEIHEGAOGUIYANGBOLIXIANWEIDENG。

20SHIJI50NIANDAIMOMEIGUOSHOUXIANYANJIUKAIFACHENGGONGLEGAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEI(S-994),QIJINWEIZHI,SHIJIESHANGJINYOUMEI、FA、RI、E、JIAJIWOGUOLIUGEGUOJIANENGSHENGCHANGAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEI。YOUYUGAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEIXINGNENGJIAGEBIJIAOYOU,YINIANZENGZHANGLV10%YISHANGDESUDUFAZHAN。1991NIANXIFANGGEGUODEZONGCHANLIANGYIDADAO480DUN,MUQIANGUJIYIZAI5000DUNYISHANG。GAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOBUJINYINGYONGZAIJUNYONGFANGMIAN,JINNIANLAIMINYONGCHANPINYEYOUGUANGFANYINGYONG,RUFANGDANTOUKUI、FANGDANFU、ZHISHENGFEIJIJIYI、YUJINGJILEIDAZHAO、GEZHONGGAOYAYALIRONGQI、MINYONGFEIJIZHIBAN、TIYUYONGPIN、GELEINAIGAOWENZHIPINYIJIJINQIBAODAODEXINGNENGYOUYIDELUNTAILIANZIXIANDENG。

SHIYINGBOLIXIANWEIJIGAOGUIYANGBOLIXIANWEISHUYUNAIGAOWENDEBOLIXIANWEI,SHIBIJIAOLIXIANGDENAIREFANGHUOCAILIAO,YONGQIZENGQIANGFENQUANSHUZHIKEZHICHENGGEZHONGJIEGOUDENAIGAOWEN、NAISHAOSHIDEFUHECAILIAOBUJIAN,DALIANGYINGYONGYUHUOJIAN、DAODANDEFANGRECAILIAO。

QIJINWEIZHI,WOGUOYIJINGSHIYONGHUADEGAOXINGNENGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOYONGDETANXIANWEI、FANGLUNXIANWEI、GAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEISANDAZENGQIANGXIANWEIZHONG,ZHIYOUGAOQIANGDUBOLIXIANWEIYIDADAOGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING,QIEYONGYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUAN,XINGCHENGLEXIAOGUIMODECHANYE,XIANJIEDUANNIANCHANKEDA500DUN。

(2)碳纤维

TANXIANWEIJUYOUQIANGDUGAO、MOLIANGGAO、NAIGAOWEN、DAODIANDENGYIXILIEXINGNENG,SHOUXIANZAIHANGKONGHANGTIANLINGYUDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG,JINNIANLAIZAIYUNDONGQIJUHETIYUYONGPINFANGMIANYEGUANGFANCAIYONG。JUYUCETANXIANWEIFUHECAILIAOZAIJINNIANNEIHAIJIANGKUODAKAIPIXINDEYINGYONGLINGYU,TUMUJIANZHU、JIAOTONGYUNSHU、QICHE、NENGYUANDENGLINGYUJIANGHUIDAGUIMOCAIYONGGONGYEJITANXIANWEI。1997~2000NIANJIAN,YUHANGYONGTANXIANWEIDENIANZENGZHANGLVGUJIWEI31%,ERGONGYEYONGTANXIANWEIDENIANZENGZHANGLVGUJIHUIDADAO130%。

WOGUODETANXIANWEIZONGTISHUIPINGHAIBIJIAODI,XIANGDANGYUGUOWAIQISHINIANDAIZHONG、MOQISHUIPING,YUGUOWAICHAJUDA20NIANZUOYOU。GUOCHANTANXIANWEIDEZHUYAOWENTISHIXINGNENGBUTAIWENDINGQIELISANXISHUDA、WUGAOXINGNENGTANXIANWEI、PINZHONGDANYI、GUIGEBUQUAN、LIANXUZHANGDUBUGOU、WEIJINGBIAOMIANCHULI、JIAGEPIANGAODENG。

(3)芳纶纤维

1972NIANMEIGUODUBANGGONGSIYANJIUKAIFACHENGGONGDEQUANDUIWEIFANGXIANGZUJUXIANANMINGWEIKevlarDESHANGPINZHENGSHIYONGYUGAOXINGNENGXIAHECAILIAO。1972NIANDECHANLIANGJINWEI45DUN,DAO1977NIANJIUZENGJIADAO4200DUN,1982NIANSHANGSHENGDAO21000DUN,NIANZENGZHANGSUDUWEI20%。20SHIJI80NIANDAIYILAI,HELAN、RIBEN、QIANSULIANYEXIANHOUKAIZHANLEFANGLUNXIANWEIDEYANZHIKAIFAGONGZUO。HELANAKZOGONGSIDEZIGONGSIENKAGONGSIDE“Twaron”XILIEXIANWEIZAI1986NIANDENIANSHENGCHANNENGLIWEI1000~2000DUN,YUJI2000NIANNENGDADAO15000DUNDENENGLI。RIBENDIRENGONGSIJIELUOSIDEFANGLUNXIANWEIYITOURUSHICHANG,NIANZENGZHANGSUDUYEDADAO20%ZUOYOU。

FANGLUNXIANWEIBIQIANGDU、BIMOLIANGJIAOGAO,YINCIBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUHANGKONGHANGTIANLINGYUDEGAOXINGNENGFUHECAILIAOLINGBUJIAN(RUHUOJIANFADONGJIQIAOTI、FEIJIFADONGJICANG、ZHENGLIUZHAO、FANGXIANGDUODENG)、JIANCHUAN(RUHANGKONGMUJIAN、HEQIANTING、YOUTING、JIUSHENGTINGDENG)、QICHE(RULUNTAILIANZIXIAN、GAOYARUANGUAN、MOCACAILIAO、GAOYAQIPINGDENG)YIJINAIREYUNSHUDAI、TIYUYUNDONGQICAIDENG。

(4)超高分子量聚乙烯纤维

MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGCHUSHOUCHANPINZHUYAOYOUMEIGUOAilledGONGSIDESpectra900HE1000、DSM(HE)-Toyoba(RI)LIANHESHENGCHANDEDyneemaSK60YIJIMitsui(RI)GONGSIDETekmilonIDENG。CHAOGAOFENZILIANGJUYIXIXIANWEIDEBIQIANGDUZAIGEZHONGXIANWEIZHONGWEIJUDIYI,YOUQISHITADEKANGHUAXUESHIJIQINSHIHEKANGLAOHUAXINGNENGYOULIANG。TAHAIJUYOUYOULIANGDEGAOPINSHENGNATOUGUOXINGHENAIHAISHUIFUSHIXING,XUDUOGUOJIAYIYONGTALAIZHIZAOJIANTINGDEGAOPINSHENGNADAOLIUZHAO,DADATIGAOLEJIANTINGDETANLEI、SAOLEINENGLI。ZAIHAISHANGYOUTIANYINGYONGDEGAOXINGNENGQINGZHIFUHE

CAILIAOFANGMIANDOUXIANSHICHUJIDADEYOUYUEXING,CHUZAIJUNSHIYINGYONGLINGYUFAHUIJUZUQINGZHONGDEZUOYONGWAI,ZAIQICHEZHIZAO、CHUANBOZHIZAO、YILIAOQIXIE、TIYUYUNDONGQICAIDENGLINGYUYEYOUGUANGKUODEYINGYONGQIANJING。GAIXIANWEIYIJINGWENSHIJIUYINQILESHIJIEFADAGUOJIADEJIDAXINGQUHEZHONGSHI,MEIGUO1989NIANZENGZHANGLVWEI26%,YUANYUANGAOYUQITAGAOXINGNENGXIANWEI。FANGLUNXIANWEI、GAOFENZILIANGJUYIXIXIANWEIZAIGUONEIQIJINJUNWEISHIXIANSHANGPINHUA。JINGUANZAI1972NIANWOGUOJIUKAISHIYANJIUFANGLUNXIANWEI,1981NIAN2YUEYU1985NIANDIFENBIEDUIFANGLUNGONG、FANGLUNⅡJINXINGLEJISHUJIANDING,QIGAOCHUNDULIAOKUAIZAINANTONGHECHENGSHUZHICHANGSHIZHI、YOUSHANGHAIHECHENGXIANWEIYANJIUSUOLAZHICHENGXIANWEI,YOUYUDANSIZHIJINGJUNYUNXING、JISHUXINGFANGMIANJUNCUNZAIYIXIEWENTI,DAO20SHIJI90NIANDAICHUDECHANLIANGYEJINWEIJIDUN,YUGUOWAIDECHAJUHENDA。

21SHIJIGAOXINGNENGSHUZHIJIFUHECAILIAOJISHUSHIFUYUFUHECAILIAOZIXIUFUXING、ZIFENJIEXING、ZIZHENDUANXING、ZIZHIGONGNENGDENGWEIYITIDEZHINENGHUACAILIAO。YIKAIFAGAOGANGDU、GAOQIANGDU。GAOSHIREHUANJINGXIASHIYONGDEFUHECAILIAOWEIZHONGDIAN,GOUZHUCAILIAO、CHENGXINGJIAGONG、SHEJI、JIANCHAYITIHUADECAILIAOXITONG。ZUZHIXITONGSHANGJIANGSHILIANMENG(RUMEIGUOQICHELIANMENG)HEJITUANHUA。ZHEIJIANGGENGCHONGFENDELIYONGGEFANGMIANDEZIYUAN(JISHUZIYUAN、WUZHIZIYUAN),JINMILIANXIGEFANGMIANDEYOUSHI,YITUIDONGFUHECAILIAOGONGYEDEJINYIBUFAZHAN。

(二)金属基复合材料

JINSHUJIFUHECAILIAOZHUYAOSHISUIHANGKONGHANGTIANGONGYESHANGGAOQIANGDU、DIMIDUDEYAOQIUERCHUXIANDE,YINCIBEIGUANGFANYANJIUHEYINGYONGDEJINSHUJIFUHECAILIAOSHIYIAl、MgDENGQINGJINSHUWEIJITIDEFUHECAILIAO。20SHIJI60NIANDAI,YIHEHEPENGXIANWEILIANXUZENGQIANGDEJINSHUJIFUHECAILIAORUYUHOUCHUNSUNBANFAZHANQILAI。YOUYULIANXUXIANWEIZENGQIANGFUHECAILIAOJIAGEANGGUIHESHENGCHANZHIZAOGONGYIFUZA,70NIANDAIGAICAILIAODEYANJIUYOUSUOHUAPO。SUIZHEWOLUNFADONGJIZHONGGAOWENBUJIANDUIYUNAIGAOWENCAILIAODEBUDUANXUQIU,YOUCHUFALEDUIJINSHUJIFUHECAILIAOTEBIESHITAIJICAILIAOYANJIUDEFUSU。

FEILIANXUZENGQIANGFUHECAILIAOZAI80NIANDAIDEDAOXUNSUFAZHAN,YANJIUZHONGDIANJIZHONGZAIYITANHUAGUIHUOYANGHUALVLIZI、DUANXIANWEIZENGQIANGLVJIFUHECAILIAO。ZHEILEICAILIAOWULUNJITIHEZENGQIANGTICHENGSHOUZAIHEDEBILIDOUJIEYUMISANQIANGHUAHELIANXUXIANWEIQIANGHUAZHEILIANGZHONGJIDUANQINGKUANGZHIJIAN,TAJUYOUYOULIANGDEHENGXIANGXINGNENG、DIXIAOHAOHEYOULIANGDEKEJIAGONGXING,YUWEIQIANGHUAHEJINXIANGBI,XINGNENGYEYOUDAFUDUDITIGAO。SUOYOUZHEIXIEYINSUSHIZHEILEICAILIAOYICHENGWEIZAIXUDUOYINGYONGLINGYULIZUIJUSHANGYEXIYINLIDECAILIAO。

JINSHUJIFUHECAILIAOZAIHANGKONGHEYUHANGFANGMIANDEYINGYONGZHUYAOBAOKUODAITIQINGDANYOUDUDEPI。LIRU,ZAIMEIGUODESANCHAJIDAODANZHONGYONGSiCp/AlFUHECAILIAOQUDAILEPI,TANHUAGUIKELI/LVJIFUHECAILIAOHAIZAIFEIJIDEDIANZISHEBEIZHONGQUDAITAN/HUANYANG。ZAIFEIHANGKONGHEYUHANGFANGMIANDEYINGYONG,DUANXIANWEIZENGQIANGJINSHUJIFUHECAILIAOZAIQICHELINGYUDEYINGYONGDEDAOPUBIANGUANZHU。LIRUJUBUZENGQIANGNEIRANJIHUOSAI,QIDINGBUSHIYOUYANGHUALVDUANXIANWEIHUOYANGHUALVHEERYANGHUAGUIDUANXIANWEIHUNZAZENGQIANGLVJIFUHECAILIAOGOUCHENG。CHANGGUIDENEIRANJIHUOSAIYONGAl-SiZHUZAOHEJINZHIZAO,YOUXIEZECAIYONGZAIDIYIDAOHUANCAOXIANGQIANGAONIEZHUTIEHUAN。